After Johnny Bright died from a heart
attack in 1983, his many friends tried to accurately portray his abilities and
essence, but perhaps former Central High School quarterback and teammate Ned
Brenizer said it best.
"He was a man playing boys games,"
There were very few things Bright could
not do on an athletic field in an era when there were many things he was not
allowed to do off it because he was black. His race affected his choices
throughout his life.
"I remember him being indestructible,"
former News-Sentinel Sports Editor Bud Gallmeier wrote. "He had the body of
When Bright attended Central, he led the
football team to a city title in 1945, and the basketball team to a pair of
state tournament Final Four appearances. He was also a one-man track team,
often winning as many as five events during a meet, including clearing 12 feet
in the pole vault using a bamboo pole.
Though Bright was only 5-foot-10 and 180
pounds, former Central Catholic quarterback Tom Jehl remembers Bright could
touch the rim with his elbow.
"He was so competitive and so confident
that he would be taunting you before the game," Jehl said. "He was the kind of
guy that if you were playing him in basketball he'd say, 'We're going to beat
you by 20, and I'm going to make them.' And then he would back it up. He was
friendly, and he was being John Bright, smiling and letting you know that he's
going to do his best against you and you're not going to stop him. You made up
your mind that you wanted to play your best to stop him."
Bright was as well-known for his
attitude as for his abilities.
"He was a good kid. A lot of people
misinterpreted it as cockiness, but I encouraged him to feel proud of what he
could do," longtime Central coach Herb Banet said.
And Bright was simply that good.
"He could palm a basketball and dunk,"
Brenizer said. "I don't recall anyone else ever doing it at that time. We had
a little under-the-basket play where I would be the inbounds passer and John
would stand casually under the basket. I would casually loft it up and he
would go up and grab it and put it in over everyone. No one could get up with
And Bright could do just about anything.
Besides football, basketball and track, he was also an outstanding boxer and
softball pitcher. Despite Bright's accomplishments,
Purdue never showed any interest in recruiting him for football,
Notre Dame did not recruit
blacks at that time, and
Indiana University coach Clyde Smith told Banet he "already had enough
black running backs," according to Banet.
So Bright took a scholarship at Drake
University to run track, with the condition that he could try out for the
football and basketball teams. After sitting out the mandatory year of
freshman ineligibility, Bright tried out for the football team and made the
squad after two days. A few days after that he became the focus of the
"He lettered in three sports as a
sophomore -- track, basketball and football and then decided to concentrate on
football," longtime Drake sports information director Paul Morrison said. "He
was a great athlete really, just a natural athlete. He could be good in any
sport he wanted to participate in."
As a sophomore, Bright rushed for 975
yards and threw for 975 yards to lead the nation in total offense as the
Bulldogs went 6-2-1. He followed that with 1,232 yards rushing and 1,168 yards
passing as a junior to set an NCAA record for total offense. The next season
he was leading the nation in rushing and total offense with 821 and 1,349
yards respectively when the Bulldogs played at Oklahoma A&M on Oct. 20, 1951.
Though Bright was not the first black
player at Drake, this would be the first time a black opponent played at
Oklahoma A&M (now Oklahoma State). On a late hit early in the game by Aggies
defensive lineman Wilbanks Smith, Bright suffered a broken jaw. After picking
himself off the turf, Bright came back to throw a touchdown pass on the next
play, but another hit knocked him out of the game a few plays later.
Immediately after the game, Drake
officials accused Oklahoma A&M of dirty play and being out to "get" Bright.
Photos from the game by John Robinson and Don Ultang of the Des Moines
Register showed the severity of the late hit and won a Pulitzer Prize. Drake
protested and eventually left the Missouri Valley Conference as a result, and
the NCAA soon required players to wear face masks and mouth guards.
Bright came back to play one more game
two weeks later, rushing for 204 yards against Great Lakes Naval Station, to
finish with more than 6,000 yards in total offense. He averaged 236 yards per
game and scored 384 points in 25 games. As a senior he earned 70 percent of
the yards Drake gained and scored 70 percent of the Bulldogs' points --
despite missing three games.
Though the Philadelphia Eagles drafted
Bright with their first pick in 1951, he was wary of playing in the NFL.
"I would have been their first Negro
player, but there was a tremendous influx of Southern players into the NFL at
that time, and I didn't know what kind of treatment I could expect," Bright
Instead, Bright decided to play in the
Canadian Football League. He was signed by the Calgary Stampeders in 1952 as a
linebacker, but shoulder injuries led the team to write him off in 1954 when
he was traded to Edmonton.
The trade gave Bright's career new life
and sparked a dynasty in Edmonton as the Eskimos won Grey Cup titles in 1954,
1955 and 1956. Bright's best individual seasons were still coming as he rushed
for 1,722 yards in 1958 to earn CFL Player of the Year honors. Four times he
was the CFL's top rusher.
The NFL approached Bright about signing
several times, but he always declined. He had already started his teaching
career in Edmonton.
"I might have been interested," he once
said, "if the offers could have matched what I was making from both football
Bright's football career ended in 1964
after 10,909 yards rushing in 13 seasons. He still holds CFL records for most
career playoff touchdowns, most yards gained in a Grey Cup game and for
playing in an amazing 197 consecutive games as both a linebacker and a
fullback. Bright was inducted into the CFL Hall of Fame in 1970 and the
College Football Hall of Fame in 1984.
After he retired from football, Bright
became an often-honored teacher in Edmonton, and eventually the principal of
D.S. MacKenzie Junior High School, where he received numerous honors.
intentional slugging of Drake halfback Johnny Bright in a football game at
Oklahoma A&M (now Oklahoma State) on October 21, 1951 caused repercussions in
the intercollegiate athletics world and also brought about some changes in
rules and equipment.
Drake had won five straight games before heading to
Stillwater and the outcome of the game probably would decide the Missouri
Valley Conference championship that fall.
Bright was an established star coming into the contest,
having led the nation in total offense in 1949 (the first sophomore in
history), again in 1950 and again was leading the NCAA national statistics in
total offense, rushing and scoring.
It was obvious that Bright was a “marked man” at the start
of the game. He was knocked unconscious three times in the first seven minutes
by Oklahoma tackle, Wilbanks Smith. While the final blow broke Bright’s jaw,
he was able to throw a 61-yard touchdown pass a few plays later before the
injury finally forced him to leave the game.
Fortunately, for Drake (and history) the Des Moines Register
had decided to send a photo crew to the game. Although they were using a new,
faster plane, the crew would be able to shoot only the first few minutes of
the game in order to get back to Des Moines and have the photo coverage in
Sunday’s edition. Cameramen, Don Ultang and John Robinson captured the assault
on Bright in machine gun camera sequence that would later win them a Pulitzer
Prize. The photo sequence received world-wide exposure and was also reprinted
in Life Magazine.
Because of this incident and because the Missouri Valley
Conference refused to take any action, Drake University withdrew from the
conference for several years before resuming conference membership in 1955.
Bright was a great all-around athlete. He lettered in
football, basketball and track as a Drake sophomore, before deciding to
concentrate on football in his next two years of competition. He was also
regarded as one of the state’s best softball pitchers at the time and is in
the Iowa Softball Hall of Fame. Bright was drafted No. 1 by the Philadelphia
Eagles of the NFL, but instead went to Canada where he played for Calgary in
1952, 1953, and part of 1954, before moving to the Edmonton Eskimos where he
won numerous CFL honors in a 14 season career. Bright was revered in Canada
not only for his outstanding football career but for his work as a junior high
school principal and for work with youth.
Bright is also in the Des Moines Register’s Iowa Sports Hall
of Fame, the National Football Foundation’s College Football Hall of Fame, as
well as the Canadian Football Hall of Fame and the Edmonton Sports Hall of
Fame. He also received the Swede Nelson Award (Gridiron Club of Boston) in
1951, signifying outstanding sportsmanship. That same year he was fifth in the
balloting for the prestigious Heisman Trophy. He also played in the Shrine
East-West game and the Hula bowl.
Bright, ED’52, was honored in 1969 as the greatest Drake
football player of all time. He was also one of the first recipients of the
Drake National D Club’s Double “D” Award.
Johnny Bright died December 14, 1983, of a massive heart
attack while undergoing an operation to correct a football knee injury. The
incident of 1951 brought about changes in football rules regarding blocking
and also more protective helmets, with face guards. The incident was also a
part of a TNT 90-minute feature “Moment of Impact: Stories of the Pulitzer
Prize Photographs” in the summer of 1999.